Case Study of
Research has shown that on 1999-2000,
Corrupt political and economical systems are the main causes for deforestation in
Timber in the forest is a very valued resource thus companies are trying many ways to get their hands on them for production of their products. Therefore a reward system is created to favored companies. Companies could be rewarded to at least 16 hectare of timber resource from the government. The land is also given to the company which gives them right for timber or agriculture plantations.
An increase of paper and pulp products over the last few decades increased the demand for wood fiber. The demand is too great for any current sustainable domestic forest management regime.
Another cause would be farming in the country however this is not a dormant factor.
Illegal logging has become a main cause of deforestation in
The increase in demand for wood is caused by subsidizes and promotion from Industrial timber plantations. Thus in practice, millions of hectares of natural forest has been cleared to make way for plantations that, in 75 percent of cases, are never actually planted.
Not only did deforestation activities create threats of destroying the forest, reforestation programs are not set up to try to revive the forest. Millions of hectares of land was planned to be naturally development in allocated for development as industrial timber plantations. Yet only fractions of what is allocated are used for reforestation and have actually been planted with fast-growing species, mostly Acacia mangium, to produce pulpwood. Millions hectare of lands are left idling, empty and not used.
The Indonesian government is trying to help by implementing policies for the protection of the forest but with complications locally and internationally caused when actions are taken stuns them from trying to do more. And the policies implemented are not effective and efficient thus things are never totally curbed. Numerous forest-dependent communities, sensing the weakening of central power, have erupted violently against logging and plantation operations that they consider to be plundering their local resources. Longstanding problems of unclear land tenure rights are the root cause of many such conflicts. The government is no longer willing to protect corporate interests as it once did, but neither does it appear to have any coordinated plan for dealing with the problem.